UNHCR COVID-19 Emergency Assistance to Jordan: Post-Distribution Monitoring Report 2021 – Jordan
This report presents the findings of the post-distribution monitoring exercise conducted to assess the 2021 COVID-19 Emergency Cash Assistance Operation by UNHCR in Jordan. Jordan hosts some 760,000 refugees, most of whom (83% in April 2022) live outside camps. Many of them have suffered severely from the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. With the support of flexible funding from a number of UNHCR donors, as well as earmarked funds from Austria, the European Union and the United States, UNHCR distributed cash assistance to more than 70,000 households to help cover fixed expenses, such as rent, as a safety measure. net during periods of loss of income. This assistance was specifically intended for refugees and their families who have been severely affected by the impact of the pandemic and who had not received regular financial assistance. The aid was therefore a preventive measure to prevent these families from falling into poverty due to the closures of economic sectors and the general economic downturn.
Almost all (96%) respondents interviewed for this tracking exercise received their COVID-19 assistance through biometric iris sampling. The results of this emergency assistance tracking survey show that most respondents spent their COVID-19 emergency cash assistance on household necessities. This is consistent with the expected results of the cash assistance program, with food (70%) and rent (69%) being the most frequently cited expense items by respondents. Aid has certainly served as a respite from ever-increasing debt: the average debt levels of Syrian and non-Syrian refugees interviewed for this study are high, at JOD 847 and JOD 1,418, respectively.
The Reduced Coping Strategies Index (rCSI) is a proxy indicator of household food insecurity. It takes into account both the frequency and severity of five pre-selected coping strategies that the household used in the seven days preceding the survey. The prevalence of coping strategies adopted by respondents to be able to feed themselves and their families remains high, with 94% of respondents resorting to less preferred or less expensive foods at least once in the seven days preceding the investigation. Harsher coping strategies such as borrowing food (41%) and limiting adult food intake so children can eat (39%) were less pronounced – although still at concerning levels.
The Livelihood Coping Strategies Index (LCSI) is used to better understand the long-term coping capacity of families by measuring the adoption of livelihood-based coping strategies frequently employed by families. families to meet their basic needs, using a 30-day recall period. A high incidence of four such strategies in the 30 days prior to data collection was visible: reducing spending on household goods, health, or education to prioritize food (83%); skipping rent and/or debt payments to meet other needs (67%); taking out new loans or other borrowing methods (67%); and buying food on credit or borrowing money to buy food from non-relatives (59%).